Select all the lines of a citation.
On the horizontal ruler, drag the Hanging Indent marker to the position where the indent starts. If the horizontal ruler that runs along the top of the document is not visible, click the View Ruler button at the top of the vertical scroll bar.
APA style requires two elements for citing sources: intext citations and a references list. Together they allow the reader access to the sources consulted by the author. All sources cited in the text must appear in the references list; and, all sources listed must have been cited in the text.
All references are double spaced in the hanging indent format having the first line flush left with all other lines indented 5-7 spaces. See the left column for instructions to create a hanging indent reference citation.
Take particular care in formatting online sources.
Be sure to remove the URLs underlined in blue which indicates that the URL is linked. To change, right click on the URL; select "Hyperlink" and then "Remove Hyperlink."
For the most comprehensive example of references, see the APA manual pp. 193-224. Also, the APA Formatting and Style Guide (from the OWL) illustrates references examples.
Print Book--Basic Format:
Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. Author's Middle Initial. (Year of
publication). Title of book: Subtitle. City, State City, Publisher.
Baym, G. (2010). From Cronkite to Colbert: The evolution of broadcast news.
Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
Book with Editor
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up
poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Chapter in an Edited Book--Basic Format (This is frequently a mystifying citation for the thesis-writer!)
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A.
Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: Metaphor
for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues
across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.
Document or Technical Report
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness
(DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government
Schnase, J. L., & Cunnius, E. L. (Eds.). (1995). Proceedings from CSCL '95: The First
International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning.
Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Article in a journal (continuous pagination throughout volume)
Organista, K. C. (2009). New practice model for Latinos in need of social work
services. Social Work, 54, 297-305.
Article in a journal (paginated by issue)
Frazier, A.B. (2008). The world according to IM. Techonology Trends, 29(3), 151-162.
Cities, States and Countries: For U.S. cities, add the standard postal abbreviations for state (for example, "Chatham, MA"). Foreign cities should be followed by the name of their country (ex. "Brisbane, Australia").
Place of publication: Separate place of publication from publisher with a colon (for example "New York, NY: Zone Books"). If more than one city is given, list only the first.
Publisher names: "Co.", "Inc." and related abbreviations should not be included in citations (for example, "Ivan R. Dee, Inc." should be given as "Ivan R. Dee".)